The national religion of Japan is Shintoism . The term “Shinto” means ” the path of the gods. Or the son of kami are gods, spirits which inhabit the surrounding human world. Any object can be the embodiment of kami. The origins of Shinto go back to ancient times and include all the inherent primitive peoples shaped beliefs: totemism, animism, magic, fetishism, etc.
The development of cinchonism
The first mythological monuments in Japan, Dating from the VII-VIII century ad – Kojiki, Fudoki, Nihongi – reflected the difficult way of formation of system of Shinto cults. Significant place in this system occupies the cult of the dead ancestors, chief among which was the first ancestor of the clan ujigami, symbolizing the unity and cohesion of the clan members. The objects of worship were the deities of the earth and fields, rain and wind, forests and mountains, etc.
In the early stages of the development of Shinto was not an organized system of beliefs. The development of Shinto was on the way of forming a complex unity of religious, mythological beliefs of the different tribes — both local and those who came from the mainland. The result is a clear religious system was not created. However, with the development Continue reading
P o comparison with China or Japan in Korea to have survived much less reliable historical information. From classical treatises have survived, only one was created quite late, in 1789, “the MUI the you. konji” (“Drawing the Outlook of martial arts”). Multifaceted negatively influenced by tradition and political culture and ideology of the country. And the Japanese occupation of 1910-1945 years, during which the colonialists pursued a policy of forced assimilation and suppressed all manifestations of the true Korean culture, actually almost stopped a number of traditional Korean martial arts.
Greatly complicates the identification of the true picture and strenuously maintained on both sides of the 38th parallel, the company propaganda, in which many official historians of martial arts hard to prove that martial arts in Korea are not inferior in ancient times, Chinese unique tradition. However, not all of the facts on which they rely, can be considered as a definite confirmation of such a concept.
“Stand typical of Korean martial arts” if you wish, of course, can be found in threatening postures and gestures of the figures the guardian spirit, guarding the gate of Buddhist temples, such representations are found not only in Korea but also in other countries of the region. On ancient Continue reading
The Republic of Korea occupies the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, acting on 1100 kilometers from the Asian mainland.
From the West the Peninsula is washed by the Yellow sea, the East Japan sea and to the South the Korea Strait and the East China sea. The total land area is 274 square kilometers 99. The landscape is mostly mountainous, plains occupy only 30 % of the territory. Off the coast of about 3000 Islands, mostly small and uninhabited. The largest island — Jeju.
Population: 49 million
Currency: South Korean won
Most of the country lies in the temperate zone, which clearly felt the seasons. Spring and autumn are rather short and warm, mostly Sunny days falls on the period from March to may. The summers are hot and humid, the temperature can reach +35°C. monsoon Season (“carma”) usually begins in late June and lasts until mid or end of July. August — hot and humid. Autumn in late September brings continental winds and clear, dry weather, making it the most pleasant time of the year. Winter is cold (down to -10°C) and dry, with periodic rainfall in the form of snow or rain.
The best time to visit is between late April to October.
The national currency is the Won. In circulation are banknotes of 10,000, 5000, 1000, and 500 won coins Continue reading