The national religion of Japan is Shintoism . The term “Shinto” means ” the path of the gods. Or the son of kami are gods, spirits which inhabit the surrounding human world. Any object can be the embodiment of kami. The origins of Shinto go back to ancient times and include all the inherent primitive peoples shaped beliefs: totemism, animism, magic, fetishism, etc.
The development of cinchonism
The first mythological monuments in Japan, Dating from the VII-VIII century ad – Kojiki, Fudoki, Nihongi – reflected the difficult way of formation of system of Shinto cults. Significant place in this system occupies the cult of the dead ancestors, chief among which was the first ancestor of the clan ujigami, symbolizing the unity and cohesion of the clan members. The objects of worship were the deities of the earth and fields, rain and wind, forests and mountains, etc.
In the early stages of the development of Shinto was not an organized system of beliefs. The development of Shinto was on the way of forming a complex unity of religious, mythological beliefs of the different tribes — both local and those who came from the mainland. The result is a clear religious system was not created. However, with the development Continue reading
The Republic of Korea occupies the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, acting on 1100 kilometers from the Asian mainland.
From the West the Peninsula is washed by the Yellow sea, the East Japan sea and to the South the Korea Strait and the East China sea. The total land area is 274 square kilometers 99. The landscape is mostly mountainous, plains occupy only 30 % of the territory. Off the coast of about 3000 Islands, mostly small and uninhabited. The largest island — Jeju.
Population: 49 million
Currency: South Korean won
Most of the country lies in the temperate zone, which clearly felt the seasons. Spring and autumn are rather short and warm, mostly Sunny days falls on the period from March to may. The summers are hot and humid, the temperature can reach +35°C. monsoon Season (“carma”) usually begins in late June and lasts until mid or end of July. August — hot and humid. Autumn in late September brings continental winds and clear, dry weather, making it the most pleasant time of the year. Winter is cold (down to -10°C) and dry, with periodic rainfall in the form of snow or rain.
The best time to visit is between late April to October.
The national currency is the Won. In circulation are banknotes of 10,000, 5000, 1000, and 500 won coins Continue reading
8. Perspectives the demonstration effect
The Republic of Korea is present in the Russian far East not only in the direct form of commodity, human, investment. No less significant, and hidden, invisible forms of his presence. One such form, the demonstration effect of the South Korean economy. The basis of the demonstration effect has two components.
The first is the opening up of borders and the accessibility of travel for the Russian far East to South Korea. This effect is a demonstration of economic success. The far East can see that on-site 1.5 times smaller territory of Primorsky Krai is created the gross national product (GNP), commensurate with the total Russian product. This creates a population that numbers in 3.2 times smaller than the Russian. Next to us appeared the unique characteristics of economic space. How South Korea managed to form? Why we are lagging behind, and our neighbors are moving forward so rapidly? Why can we not? What is it about them that we don’t have? Such questions change the Outlook and then the Outlook of the far East, raise questions to the policy of the Federal center.
The second comparative component provides an opportunity to compare economic Continue reading