south

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Tea traditions

The history of tea has its roots in antiquity. The name of the favourite drink comes from Northern Chinese cha, which translates as “young leaf”. In China tea was known since 220 years, the culture began to cultivate it with the 350. At first, tea was an expensive beverage, it was drunk by priests and rulers as a medicinal drink that relieves fatigue, and strengthens the eyesight. In the 6th century, tea was a drink of nobles, from the 10th century and became common among the Chinese, at the same time began the development of the tea trade.

In 16-18 centuries, tea spread all over Europe. In the Netherlands there was a tradition to have a tea party after dinner, then it took roots in many European countries. Since the 18th century tea was grown in India and Sri Lanka, the seeds were brought there by the British. Later the plant started to breed on Java, Sumatra, Vietnam, Africa and South America.

Currently tea – the most popular drink in the world. Each country has its own traditions of tea drinking. Different Nations have different rules for brewing beverage, serving tea and accompanying treats

The English tradition of tea drinking

The British consume more tea from all Europeans. On average, each inhabitant per year falls by 2.1 kg of tea. Traditionally the British drink black tea with Continue reading

Central Asia

Our next trip

Travel NOT required, but if you have it should take.

Transport

Four-wheel drive Toyota Hiace van.

In the car 8 seats (excluding the driver), backpacks go in the trunk behind the seats.

Description of the trip

Covered East Kazakhstan . then descend to the South to Almaty, hereinafter in Kyrgyzstan . Bishkek, go on a ring around the lake Issyk-Kul. Return through Central Kazakhstan . through lake Balkhash . through Astana.

One of our main objectives: “the Martian landscape” canyons, colorful mountains.

Kazakhstan: The Altyn-Emel, Kiin-Kerish, Shekelmes .

Charyn canyon near the Almaty. Desert, semi-desert, singing sand dunes.

In Kyrgyzstan, the gorge Jety-Oguz .

Route – peer-intelligence .

In practice, this means that calibrated minute-by-minute schedule exists, the schedule and route is composed of approximately dnevok. Facing possible route adjustments depending on the weather, road conditions and other nuances.

Route :

Transfer from Barnaul to the border of Russia and Kazakhstan. Moving across the border.

AK-Baur (astronomical unit).

38 kilometres from the city is a unique monument of culture of the primitive age, the tract of AK-Baur, called “Kazakhstan’s Stonehenge”. This tract is preserved ancient Continue reading

Gross national income of Japan, 1970-2013

For the period 1970-2013, the national income of Japan increased by 4870.4 billion. or in 24.3 times to 5079.1 billion. the change occurred at 47.1 billion. by increasing population of Japan by 23.4 million, as well as on 4823.3 billion. due to the increase of national income per capita in Japan 37935.6 dollars. The average annual growth of national income in Japan amounted to 113.3 billion. or 54.3%. Share in the world grew by 2.8%. Share in Asia declined by 21%. Share in Eastern Asia declined by 33.1%. Minimum national income of Japan was in 1970 (208.7 billion us dollars). Maximum national income of Japan was in 2012 (6126.4 billion us dollars).

For the period 1970-2013, the national per capita income in Japan grew by 37935.6 dollars or 19.9 times before 39947.8 dollars. The average annual growth of national income per capita in Japan was 882.2 dollars or 43.8%.

The change in national income of Japan described by linear correlation-regression model: y =x 145.711 -287082.796, where y – estimated value of national income of Japan, x – year. The correlation coefficient = 0.953. The determination coefficient = 0.909.

National income of Japan, 1970

National income of Japan in 1970 was $ 208.7 billion. occupied 5 place in the world and was at the same level as the national income of Germany Continue reading

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