Tajikistan: Culture of Tajikistan
Tours in Tajikistan, See our topic sentence
Tajikistan – a country with ancient culture and traditions. Tajik culture is unique and requires enhancement and conservation of national values. The Tajiks made a significant contribution to spiritual Treasury of civilization, gave the world a wonderful and outstanding scientists, philosophers, writers, poets and architects whose works became an integral part of scientific and cultural baggage accumulated by the world civilization. Examples of this – poems of the founder of Persian-Tajik literature Abuabdullo Rudaki, immortal national epic poem the “Shahname” abdulkosim of Firdausi, which absorbed the legendary history of the Persians and Tajiks, and the “Canon of medicine” Abu Ali Ibn Sino (Avicenna) treatise, which for many centuries served as main guide on medicine in educational institutions of Europe. Scientists al-Khorezm, al-Farabi and Aburaihan Beruni, such (according to Goethe) stars of the first magnitude on the firmament of world poetry, Khayyam, Rumi, Saadi, Hafiz, Jami, masters of artistic creativity Borbad, Mani, Bekhzod were famous way beyond ancient Sogd, Khorasan and Movarounnahr (second anniversary) – the main territory of modern Central Asia. The bright page of the cultural events in Tajikistan in 1999 was the celebration of the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid state. In the state of Samanids (874-1005 ad) formed the Tajik nation with a common language, territory and culture. The roots of this first state has increased civilization and governance of the following generations of Tajiks; and now, at the dawn of the third Millennium, Tajikistan is known throughout the world as an independent country. During the celebration held symposiums and international conferences. The most prominent of them, the IV international forum of Tajiks and foreign compatriots was held in Dushanbe. Tajiks from all over the world attended this event. A number of conferences on the theme: “History, civilization and culture of the Samanids” were held in Dushanbe, St. Petersburg and Iran, and also in all districts and cities of the country. In the national historical Museum opened new exhibition halls, dedicated to the independence Day, as well as with exhibits of tools, musical instruments, coins, clothing of the era of the Samanids.
History of literature of Tajikistan
Tajik-Persian poetry, prose, manuscript, miniature has developed over many centuries. The most illustrious period in the development of Tajik literature falls at the time of formation of feudal society, which preceded the conquest of Iran and Central Asia by Arabs and the subsequent Islamization of those peoples. This ideological base was unified for a number of territories and peoples, and that led to the common development of culture in General.
Arab expansion had a huge impact on the destiny of the people of Persia and Central Asia. Destroyed the traces of a rich pre-Islamic culture, ruined palaces with wall paintings, burnt paintings. The dominant religion was Islam, the dominant language – Arab. It was some time before the onset of the Renaissance culture, which began on a new basis and took place in a new environment. The formation of a new literary language – forsi (Tajik-Persian) are in IX-X centuries Rudaki – a brilliant poet, founder of Tajik literature, improved language, having used it for the first time in secular poetry, laid the foundations of several literary genres.
From this moment begins a long and brilliant development of literature, the flourishing of which brought her to worldwide fame.
At the end of X century Firdausi creates the now famous heroic epic ‘Shahnameh” that exceeds the volume of all existing works. The XI-th century was marked by the creation of the genre, like a romantic epic. Appears a number of poems written by Unsuri, Yuki, Hungary in this style, but the culmination of the completeness and beauty was “Hamsa” (“five”) of Nizami, created in the XII century. In the thirteenth century see the light “Bustan” and “Gulistan” Saadi, in the fourteenth century – the works of continuers of romantic epos traditions – Amir Khusraw Dihlavi of Hajj and Kirmani, Kamal khojandi and the masters of the ghazal Hafiz. The XV-th century – the poetry of Jami, gripped by his ideas and the style of all the previous genres of literature, thereby summarizing it.
Persian-Tajik literature developed in a vast territory, spreading through her thanks to the wanderings of poets, scientists, travelers, merchants and forwarders illustrated with miniatures of manuscripts.
Music and dancing
Music and dance play a significant role in Tajik culture. Issues of professional musical education and musical heritage of the Tajik people were discussed by scientists from Tajikistan, Russia, France at the festival “Tajik musical culture of XXI century: priorities of development”. In Dushanbe took place the fourth festival of books and music for children and youth, organized in the framework of the program “peace Fund children”, the purpose of which was to promote universal values. Children’s dance group “Jahonoro” (“the Ornament of the world”) at the international festival “the children of the world and art”, held in Turkey, was ranked first among 36 participating countries.