Tea ceremony in Japan and its history
Tea in Japan came from China, whence it was brought by Buddhist monks. So many people think that tea ceremony in Japan is very similar to Chinese traditions. But actually it is not. General is only one — the total absorption by the process and, of course, tea.
The ritual was often changed but the respect for tea remained unchanged. Modern tea ceremony in Japan was invented in the XV century by Murota JUKU — a monk. And at the beginning of the next century one of ZEO Takano enriched the tradition of tea houses and pottery is rough work.
Disciple of ZEO Takano sen-no-Rikyu went further and even defined, what can be said during the ceremony. Also designed the atmosphere: it became obligatory garden with a stone path that leads to the tea house. Thus, a simple meditation with an offering of tea to the Buddha turned into a small performance with scenery, where roles are strictly divided.
Fortunately, Since school based sen-no-Rikyu, not only flourished, but by the 18th century opened several other schools as their basis.
Utensils for the tea ceremony in Japan is chosen the most simple — it is an undecorated coarse pottery. Especially in the price of aged items. The tea set includes the box where the tea is, the boiler or kettle for water, one bowl for General use invigorating drink, a few bowls for guests to stir the necessary stirrer, a spoon for pouring.
The water is still warm before the guests arrive. Every incoming should notice a niche in the wall opposite the entrance. There are definitely burn, flowers and a scroll with the motto that will define the future of the tea party.
Traditions and customs of Japan: the tea party
Traditions and customs of Japan associated with the tea party, are today not only part of their culture, but also part of culture all over the world.
Drank first tea of Buddhist monks during meditation, bringing him to the Buddha. Spreading across the country, the cult of the Buddha diversified the traditional recipes of Japanese cuisine in a very special way of making tea, putting it in a certain mystery.
Tea house, usually located in a green garden. Before you enter it, you must remove your shoes and leave her on the doorstep. The house has a well for ablutions.
A stone path that leads to the house, symbolizes the escape from the hustle and resembles a mountain trail. After dark it is lit by a dim light so he would not distract the attention.
Traditions and customs of Japan suggest that the owner should meet the guests outside of the house and the last to come into the room. Also be sure the owner sits in front of the invitees. But until the water reaches the desired temperature, the guests are served light snacks.
Before you begin a tea, in Japan, usually after eating, all the guests out of the house for a little exercise. The owner, in this period of time varies colors in the niche. On returning guests, the owner of the house starts from the green tea powder to prepare the drink. The procedure takes place in complete silence, which kind of resembles meditation.
Falling asleep in a Cup of tea by the owner. Then poured some of the boiling water and stir contents with bamboo stirrer. Should get a homogeneous mass, and to receive the green foam. Then added some more water to bring the tea to the desired consistency.
Transmission total bowl — present ritual action. The owner of the house gets up, bows to the most honored guest, and gives him the Cup. The guest with the right hand takes the dishes and puts her left hand on his way back to the silk fabric (handkerchief).
Then the next guest nods and takes a SIP from the Cup. After which the handkerchief is placed on the Mat, the edge of the bowl wiped with a paper towel and the beverage is transferred to the other invitees. Thus the Cup is a circle that symbolizes the unity of those gathered for the tea party, and returned to the owner.
Tea drinking in Japan does not end there. The second stage is the interview. Standing before the assembled sweets. Tea is drunk from individual cups. The topic of conversation is saying, which is written on the scroll located in NIS, as well as the tea itself, the dishes and the flowers in the niche. After completing the interview the owner of apology leaves the house, and guests visiting the flowers, the hearth — everything about the tea ceremony.
When the guests leave the house, the owner stands at the entrance and bows to them necessarily. He then returned to the room and some time visiting the interior, as if absorbing the feel of the ritual. After the room is cleaned.
In the house you won’t notice any claims of luxury. The only entrance to the room is quite low, so that when entering each of the guests bowed. It is believed that such a small aperture invented for the samurai of Japan. Thus they could not go in there armed and ammunition were left beyond the threshold.