The history of tea has its roots in antiquity. The name of the favourite drink comes from Northern Chinese cha, which translates as “young leaf”. In China tea was known since 220 years, the culture began to cultivate it with the 350. At first, tea was an expensive beverage, it was drunk by priests and rulers as a medicinal drink that relieves fatigue, and strengthens the eyesight. In the 6th century, tea was a drink of nobles, from the 10th century and became common among the Chinese, at the same time began the development of the tea trade.
In 16-18 centuries, tea spread all over Europe. In the Netherlands there was a tradition to have a tea party after dinner, then it took roots in many European countries. Since the 18th century tea was grown in India and Sri Lanka, the seeds were brought there by the British. Later the plant started to breed on Java, Sumatra, Vietnam, Africa and South America.
Currently tea – the most popular drink in the world. Each country has its own traditions of tea drinking. Different Nations have different rules for brewing beverage, serving tea and accompanying treats
The English tradition of tea drinking
The British consume more tea from all Europeans. On average, each inhabitant per year falls by 2.1 kg of tea. Traditionally the British drink black tea with milk and sometimes sugar is added. According to the rules of etiquette they raise together with the tea Cup and saucer. From saucers, or bowls to drink is unacceptable. Used for serving tea sets of silver that are available in almost every home British.
Tea drinking in England became a true home tradition. Tea is served three times a day: in the morning during Breakfast, with lunch at one o’clock and five o’clock in the evening – “Fife-o-clock-t”, the so-called English afternoon tea. At five o’clock tea, it is customary to invite friends, tea is served along with dessert (muffins, scones, gingerbread, cakes, jams).
Chinese tea traditions
Tea ceremony in China “Gong-fu-cha” – that’s the art of tea drinking. The ceremony conducted by the master, preserving the special atmosphere of the tea. Of all the tea in China eat most green, then yellow, and Oolong tea (a special kind of tea, the fermentation of which is stopped in the middle).
The reasons for the tea ceremony may be different. The most common is the “family reunion”, when weekends or holidays are going to relatives who have not seen. Joint tea drinking, usually held in a restaurant instead of at home.
Younger relatives serve tea to the elders “deference”. If the meal takes place in a restaurant, pays the bill treats.
Widely distributed in China wedding tea ceremony. This ritual contains two offerings of tea. First, the bride and groom serve the parents tea as a sign of respect and gratitude. Then the groom’s family meets the bride’s family, each couple is served a Cup of tea and called by name and title.
In China serving tea to use the tea a few – two cups, one low and wide, designed for enjoying the taste and color, the other – tall and narrow, which is necessary for the perception of the flavor of the drink. First you need to experience the flavor of the tea, and then drink it.
Tea in Japan
Japanese tea ceremony – an art, which takes a while to learn. Universities in Japan to teach this course maker. At the threshold of the special tea house visitors are welcomed by the hostess who needs to sit on my knees and bow for each guest to the floor. Guests, bowing to her in reply, go to the room, where each prepared a separate table with sweet treats.
In Japan it is customary to serve green tea, which on density reminiscent of sour cream, and tastes very tart. Drink the tea in three gulps, then be sure to thank the hostess, I Express my admiration of tea and the utensils in which it was served.
Indian tea traditions
India produces more than all the world’s black tea, it is grown in three regions: Darjeeling, Assam and Nilgiri. Tea grown in Darjeeling, called “champagne tea” because of the bright colour and delicate aroma. This tea possesses a dark color and distinctive flavor, it is cultivated in India more than other teas. Nilgiris – tea with a spicy taste and dark color.
In India, tea is consumed any time of the day, serve it with milk and sugar (chai masala). Giving unique taste and aroma to tea, the Indians add spices and herbs. Tea treat at home and in restaurants.
The Tibetan tradition
The Tibetans into tea add milk and Yak butter, then stirred it. This tea called po cha. Tibet high mountain grown black tea from it and drink is prepared. The most common are two types of tea beverages: sweet tea with milk and tea with butter and salt. Coming to the house, according to tradition, guests should drink two cups of tea, so as not to offend the host.