The Culture of Japanese tattoos
Japanese kind of tattoo seems to be the most complex and mysterious. His story is also interesting and surprising in its diversity.
According to historical sources, the art of body painting was introduced into Japan from China. Although many are of the opinion that this legacy of the Ainu, inhabiting the island of Japan. That is, it is far more ancient than is commonly believed.
The first mention of tattoos in Japan is in the Chronicles in San cuochi where Chinese travellers say that to know Japan painted their faces with the amazing images that distinguish them from ordinary people. The Japanese also there is an amazing legend about Jimmy Emperor (660-585 BC), who managed to conquer the beauty Sanitatary your awesome tattoos in honor of whom she later even wrote a poem.
There are two types of Japanese tattoos – irezumi and Gaman. In Japanese, “jireh” means “to inject” and “zumi.” – ink. This style of tattoos showed belonging to the underworld, and was applied on a compulsory basis. Its unhappy possessors were ashamed of such tattoos, and tried to hide the damage on top of other drawings.
The second style is Gaman, on the contrary, was privileged. Vouchsafed to them the strongest and most courageous warriors, who managed to earn these distinctions with their victories in the warriors or other services to society.
But the most unusual and beautiful were the women’s secret tattoo – of kakushi-Boro. This kind of tattooing was an art form, and was struck by its diversity and beauty.
These drawings were executed in a pretty unusual way. In specially made incisions in the body rubbed rice powder. This tattoo was manifested in the form of white drawing only during the excitation of the body, or after bathing.
The fashion for tattooing in Japan was also ambiguous as elsewhere. She had periods of prosperity and periods of forgetfulness. To eradicate this art form much had a hand in 1868 Meiji, who was a zealous follower of Confucius.
However, despite all the obstacles, the events of the 17th century contributed to the emergence of fine art tattooing as a separate branch of art. Largely on the formation of skilled tattoo was influenced by the Japanese masters of wood engraving – Ocio.
This kind of art very gravitated geisha, who with the help of painting their bodies with applications of the myths and legends very well bypassed the state’s ban on the naked body.
In principle, it is the geisha have made the greatest contribution to the development of tattoo art because they enjoyed such great influence in society that shaped the trends of his time.
In this period also began the tradition of tattoos among Japanese firefighters. As they worked, usually glabrous, entire body, except the face, of the arms from the elbow and below, and legs from the thighs down, were covered with tattoos. Turned out kind of bathing suit, and each fire team had his trademark tattoo style. The fish stalls painted on the body of the fish, the prostitute – crabs (the symbol of tenacity), professional players like dice or cards.
The most striking feature of Japanese tattoos is its vastness. Tattoo that consistently for several years carried out the person, could lead to compositions in the form of “kimono” or “open coat”. This tattoo is called full and tightly covers the torso leaving the blank space in the center of the chest and abdomen. In the upper part it reaches to the elbows, filling the forearm, at the lower ends on the hips.
In modern Japan having a tattoo in General is assessed negatively; in the minds of ordinary Japanese tattoo is a symbol of belonging to a criminal world, the representatives of which in Japan is called the Yakuza. The presence of a tattoo may interfere to make a professional career.
The same Yakuza tattoo serves a dual function – it shows as belonging to a particular criminal group (the family) and the refusal of the person from the place in the so-called “normal” society. Entered into the world of Yakuza, will never be able to come back. This means that he cannot marry a girl from a “normal” family to get a job in the institution, the family uncontrollable, and must maintain a certain lifestyle associated with the activities of his family.
But yet in Europe that Japanese tattoos were most common, and occupies a leading position on the number of orders at tattoo artists.
All you need to be careful if you have characters or dragons on TV in Japan, you misunderstand.