The Tradition of celebrating New year in Japan
Before the New year is only a few days. In anticipation of the holidays and new year holidays I would like to tell our readers about the features of this holiday in Japan.
New year for the Japanese — one of the most important holidays of the year. During the new year holidays in Japan, there are Christmas holidays, from approximately December 28-29 January 4-5, depending on the company. Most public and commercial institutions of Japan are officially unemployed in this period. During the Christmas holidays, many Japanese people go to their homes to see relatives and celebrate with them the New year, some go on a holiday abroad, for example, in Europe, or meet the holidays at home with family.
In late December, on the eve of New year, Japanese people have many worries. First, it is accepted to remove not only their homes, but also many companies conduct General cleaning in the offices in the last days of the company’s work before the Christmas holidays. The rules need to not only get rid of debris, but also from clutter.
One of the very important rituals in Japan is the training and sending new year greeting cards – nengajo . On nengajou usually depicts the symbol of the coming year on the Eastern calendar, that is this year on most cards, you will see a horse. Cards can be purchased with a ready image in the post, or come up with your design. There are many special programs for the computer, where you can pick a design for your postcards, greeting to insert the words, etc. Cards in Japan standard size, on one side of the signs for the addresses and, on the other side of the picture. Thus, you can buy a ready-made postcard and write only the address, but you can buy a postcard without izobrajenia and inscriptions on the one hand, to make her own design in your office or home. All Japanese printers and computer programs for printing set the format of the cards. The family, which occurred some important events in my life in the past year, for example, marriage, birth of child, moving to another residence, and even the death of loved ones, should inform on this card. For example, many printed on nengajou wedding of the newborn, make inscriptions with greetings and wishes, and in this way send out cards to all relatives and friends before the New year. Each company is also required to prepare a huge pack of nengajou for all its partners and clients with congratulations and good wishes about the business and to further fruitful cooperation. Also the company send out these cards to all their employees. Postcards must be prepared in advance and sent to the recipient received this postcard just January 1. Most often, looking in your mailbox 1-2 January, the Japanese find the whole pack of nengajou, rubber bands, and one of the nice things for the holidays is to consider and read each postcard. In addition, if the Japanese find in this pack a postcard from a man he had not sent a postcard previously in the past year, then he will have to do it next, otherwise it is considered impolite.
Another tradition in Japan on new year’s holidays is a common preparation of rice cakes mochi. Cooked rice special adhesive grades, you need to put in special wooden barrels, after which two people take turns talking about its quite large and heavy wooden mallets, and one or two assistants turn over the dough. Many Japanese companies in the last working day before the holidays, collect all of their employees, which in turn threshed rice in such a barrel, and then mold the mochi and later eat them all together. But mochi is not only a holiday food, but still festive and a tribute to the gods, so they are always present on the Christmas table of every Japanese family, and also in Christmas home decorations. Because mochi on New year’s day is the wish of prosperity and wealth in the next year.
On new year’s table in the Japanese house exhibit about holiday dish-network-ryori . usually consisting of boiled seaweed, fish dishes, mashed sweet potato with chestnut, simmered burdock root and sweet black soybean kuromame. Many of the Christmas dishes are sweet or sour, so they could be stored without a refrigerator, which is also designed to make the owner hasn’t spent much time in the kitchen during the holidays. The same applies to rice cakes mochi, which can be stored for long periods without refrigeration and that can take on the road. The truth in the last days many Japanese in the New year eating sushi and sashimi.